Fuad I (Ahmed Fuad Pasha) [key], 1868–1936, first king of modern Egypt, son of the khedive Ismail Pasha. Educated in Europe, Fuad returned to Egypt in 1880. He was particularly concerned with military and cultural affairs and founded the Univ. of Cairo in 1906. He succeeded his brother Hussein as sultan in 1917. Fuad took the title king in 1922, although the final dissolution of the British dominion in Egypt was delayed until 1923. Fuad's difficulties with the Wafd party led him, in 1928, to abrogate the constitution of 1923 and substitute a new constitution providing for a parliament with advisory powers only. Great agitation compelled him, in 1935, to restore the earlier constitution. He was succeeded by his son, Farouk.
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