Davutoğlu, Ahmet, 1959–, Turkish politician. Before entering politics, he taught political science and international relations at Marmara Univ., Beykent Univ., and other institutions. From 2003 to 2009 he was an adviser to Prime Minister Erdoğan, then served as foreign minister (2009–14). He worked to increase Turkey's influence in the Balkans and Middle East, and to secure Turkey's membership in the European Union. Davutoğlu also served (2011–18) in the Turkish parliament as a member of the Justice and Development party (AKP). When Erdoğan was elected president (2014), Davutoğlu succeeded him as head of the AKP and prime minister. Disagreements with Erdoğan over the latter's desire to establish powerful presidency and on other issues led to the prime minister's resignation in 2016. Davutoğlu again became an academic, but in 2019 he criticized Erdoğan after AKP electoral losses and resigned from the AKP, which had moved to expel him. He subsequently formed the Future party. Davutoğlu has written numerous books and articles on foreign policy, including Strategic Depth (2001).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Turkish and Ottoman History: Biographies