Aung San Suu Kyi
Suu Kyi was again subjected to house arrest or detention from Sept., 2000 to May, 2002, and from May, 2003, to Nov., 2010. Myanmar's military government adopted constitutional (2008) and electoral (2010) restrictions designed to prevent her from running for office or heading a political party. The NLD declined to reregister (2010) under the new election law and was dissolved by the government before the Nov., 2010, voting. Improved relations under President Thein Sein led to the NLD's recognition by 2012, when Suu Kyi announced she would be a candidate in the 2012 elections for parliament; she and more than 40 NLD candidates won seats. In the 2015 elections the NLD won solid majorities in both houses of parliament. Banned under the constitution from serving as president, she became (2016) foreign minister and state counselor (a prime-minister-like post). Since 2017 she has been widely criticized internationally for not denouncing the military's ethnic cleansing campaign against the Muslim Rohingya minority and, subsequently, for defending the military's actions.
See biographies by J. Wintle (2008) and P. Popham (2012).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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