rap music

rap music or hip-hop, African-American popular music style that originated in the mid-to-late ‘70s, which incorporates DJing, MCing, dance, and fashion.

See studies by M. Costello and D. F. Wallace (1990); T. Rose (1994), N. George (1998), J. (2005), E. Wald (2012), F. Orejuela (2014), E. Reese (2017), M. Ohriner (2019); Smithsonian Anthology of Hip-Hop and Rap (2021; CD boxed set with booklet).

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