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music

music. For information on types of music see such articles as absolute music ; aleatory music ; chamber music ; church music ; computer music ; electronic music ; jazz ; program music ; rock music ; serial music ; and spiritual . In addition, see entries on the music of various nations and peoples, including African music ; Arabian music ; Balinese music ; Chinese music ; Greek music ; Hindu music ; Japanese music ; Javanese music ; and Jewish liturgical music . The technical aspects of music, such as theory, notation, and tone, are treated in such general articles as theory and musical notation , and in more specific entries, including counterpoint ; harmonic ; harmony ; key ; measure ; mode ; musicology ; note ; pitch ; polyphony ; rhythm ; scale ; syncopation ; tablature ; temperament ; tonality ; tone ; transposing instrument ; and tuning systems . There are numerous articles on various musical forms, including cantata ; concerto ; march ; nocturne ; opera ; oratorio ; polonaise ; sonata ; song ; and symphony . In addition to such survey articles as concert ; conducting ; musical instruments ; music festivals ; orchestra and orchestration , there are separate articles on musical instruments, treated singly, e.g., clarinet ; harp ; trumpet , or in groups, e.g., reed instrument ; stringed instrument . In addition to the entry on voice , there are separate articles on alto ; baritone ; countertenor ; soprano ; and tenor . Information on individual composers and performers can be found in biographical entries on composers, e.g. Monteverdi , Claudio; Puccini , Giacomo; and Schubert , Franz Peter; musicians, e.g., Beiderbecke, Bix ; Gieseking, Walter ; Richter, Sviatoslav ; and singers, e.g., Deller, Alfred ; Merrill, Robert ; Sembrich, Marcella ; and Sinatra, Frank .

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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