Philoxenus fĭlŏkˈsənəs [key], c.436–c.380 b.c., Greek dithyrambic poet, b. Cythera. Having fallen out of grace with the emperor Dionysius, he was imprisoned in Syracuse. There he wrote his Cyclops, mocking Dionysius. In Cyclops (fragments of which remain), the central character sang a solo to the lyre—an innovation in the dithyramb.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2024, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Classical Literature: Biographies