Hall, Sir Peter Reginald Frederick,
1930–2017, British theatrical director, b. Bury St. Edmonds, grad. Cambridge, 1953. He directed several acclaimed plays at Cambridge, and one production was transferred to London's Arts Theater, where in 1955 Hall became artistic director and produced the English-language premiere of Beckett
's Waiting for Godot,
establishing both his and the playwright's reputations. The next year he began directing Shakespeare at Stratford-upon-Avon. In 1960 he founded the Royal Shakespeare Company
; as managing director (1960–68), he created a resident ensemble and attracted many fine actors to star in classical and modern plays. As director (1973–88) of the National Theatre (see Royal National Theatre
), he oversaw its move to a new home on London's South Bank. In 1988 he founded the Peter Hall Company, directing in London and New York until 2011; from 2003 to 2008 he also was artistic director of the new Rose Theatre, Kingston, London. Hall directed more than 200 major productions, with a special affinity for works by Shakespeare, Pinter, Tennessee Williams, Anouilh, Albee, and Ayckbourn. He also directed productions in major opera houses and was director (1983–90) of the Glyndebourne Opera Festival, and directed a number of films as well. Among his books are The Necessary Theatre
(1990), Exposed by the Mask
(2000), and Shakespeare's Advice to the Players
(2003). Hall was knighted in 1977.
See his diaries ed. by J Goodwin (1983); his autobiography (updated ed. 2000); biography by S. Fay (1995); study by T. Lowen (1991).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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