Wolfram von Eschenbach vlfrm f?n ?sh?nbkh [key]
, c.1170?c.1220, German poet. Perhaps the greatest of the German minnesingers, and one of the finest poets of medieval Europe. He was a knight who led a restless, roving life. In 1203 he was at the court of Landgrave Hermann von Thringen. His only complete work is his famous Parzival,
a poem of chivalry notable for its lyricism, humor, and depth of conception (see Parsifal
). Wolfram's other works include two unfinished epic poems, Willehalm
and lyrics. Richard Wagner's final opera Parsifal
(1882) was based on his epic, and Wolfram himself was a character in the same composer's Tannhuser
See the interpretation of Parzival by M. F. Richey (1933) and the translation by J. Weston (1894); study by J. F. Poag (1972).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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