or Fleury, Jules zhl sN, flr? [key], 1821?89, French novelist who wrote under the name ChampfleuryshNflr? [key]. Considered a pioneer of French realism, Champfleury was an avid collector of French art and artifacts and conducted extensive research into French history. His literary views are set forth in Ralisme (1857). Among his novels are Les Bourgeois de Molinchart (1854), a portrait of provincial life; and Les Souffrances du Professeur Delteil (1856), a comedy about student pranks. His other works include Histoire de la cariacature (1865?69). In later life he was director of the porcelain factory at Svres.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: French Literature: Biographies