- 1862Emancipation ProclamationPresident Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, proposing to free all slaves of rebel states as of Jan. 1, 1863.
Nathan Hale was hanged by the British as a spy during the Revolutionary War.
Congress authorized the office of Postmaster-General.
The French Republic was proclaimed.
The Persian Gulf conflict between Iran and Iraq erupted into full-scale war.
Songwriter Irving Berlin died in New York City at age 101.
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