Nine black students attempted to enter Little Rock's Central High School but were blocked by the National Guard. Arkansas governor Orval Faubus had summoned the federal troops. The National Guard would escort them into the school later in the month.
The city of Los Angeles was founded by Spanish settlers.
George Eastman patented his roll-film camera and registered the Kodak trademark.
President Harry S. Truman inaugurated transcontinental television service in the U.S. when AT&T carried his address to the opening session of the Japanese Peace Convention in San Francisco.