The 26th of July movement begins
Fidel Castro was among a group of rebelling anti-Batistas who unsuccessfully attacked an army barracks.
New York became the 11th state in the United States.
The Office of the Chief Examiner, which in 1935 became the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), was created.
President Harry S Truman signed the National Security Act, creating the Department of Defense, the National Security Council, the Central Intelligence Agency, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Argentina's first lady, Eva Peron, died in Buenos Aires at age 33.
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