U.S. shuttle Challenger exploded 72 seconds after lift off, killing all seven crew members aboard, including school teacher Christa McAuliffe.
King Henry VIII of England died and his nine-year-old son, Edward VI, assumed the throne.
Congress passed legislation creating the U.S. Coast Guard.
The first Jewish Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, Louis Brandeis, was appointed.
The creation of Element 114 is announced by scientists.
In his second State of the Union Address, President Bush presents case for war with Iraq.
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