The Casablanca Conference with Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill concluded.
Roman emperor, Gaius Caesar, better known as Caligula (meaning Little Boot—he used to wear military boots as a child), was murdered.
Gold was first discovered in California, in Sutter's mill. When President Polk announced the news in December, the gold rush began.
Robert Baden-Powell organized the first Boy Scout troop in England.
Winston Churchill died in London at age 90.
Japanese soldier Shoichi Yokoi was discovered in Guam, having spent 28 years hiding in the jungle thinking World War II was still going on.
Voyager Two space probe passes within 51,000 miles of Uranus.
The first African-American to sit on the Supreme Court, Thurgood Marshall, died.
The Department of Homeland Security, under Tom Ridge, became a cabinet department.
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