Oliver Cromwell became lord protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
Grigori Rasputin assassinated by a group of noble Russian conspirators.
One of the deadliest earthquakes in history hit the Gansu province in China. The 8.6 quake killed 200,000 people.
The Battle of the Bulge during World War II began in Belgium.
Jean-Bertrand Aristide was elected president of Haiti in the country's first democratic elections.
Colin Powell was selected to become the first African-American secretary of state.
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