Guyana | Facts & Information
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Facts & Figures
President: Mohamed Irfaan Ali (2020)
Prime Minister: Mark Anthony Phillips (2020)
Land area: 76,004 sq mi (196,850 sq km); Total area: 83,000 sq mi (214,970 sq km)
Population (2022 est.): 795,550 (growth rate: –0.11%); birth rate: 19.069/1000; infant mortality rate: 25.120/1000; life expectancy: 70.15 years
Capital and largest city (2022 est.): Georgetown, 240,000
Monetary unit: Guyanese dollar (GYD)
Languages: English (official), Amerindian dialects, Creole, Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Urdu
Ethnicity/race: East Indian 40%, black (African) 29.5%, 10.5% Indigenous, mixed 19.5%, other 0.5% (2002 census)
Religions: Christianity 66%, Hinduism 24.9%, Islam 6.4%, Unaffiliated 2.0%, Other 0.5%, Folk/traditional 0.2% (2022 estimate)
National Holiday: Republic Day, February 23
Literacy rate: 87.54% (2015)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2022 est.): $30.287 billion; per capita $38,258. Real growth rate: 4.1%. Inflation: 1.8%. Unemployment: 16.43% (2020). Arable land: 2.3%. Labor force: 299,147 (2021 est.); agriculture n.a., industry n.a., services n.a. Agriculture: sugarcane, rice, wheat, vegetable oils; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish, shrimp. Industries: bauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining. Natural resources: bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish. Exports: $4.25 billion (2021): sugar, gold, bauxite/alumina, rice, shrimp, molasses, rum, timber. Imports: $4.15 billion (2021): manufactures, machinery, petroleum, food. Major trading partners: Canada, U.S., UK, Singapore, United Arab Emirates, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname (2021).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 130,487 (2021); mobile cellular: 658,000 (2021). Broadcast media: government-dominated broadcast media; the National Communications Network (NCN) TV is state-owned; a few private TV stations relay satellite services; the state owns and operates 2 radio stations broadcasting on multiple frequencies capable of reaching the entire country; government limits on licensing of new private radio stations constrains competition in broadcast media (2022). Internet users: 294,300 (2021).
Transportation: Highways: total: 3,995 km; paved: 799 km; unpaved: 3,196 km (2019). Waterways: 330 km (the Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo rivers are navigable by oceangoing vessels for 150 km, 100 km, and 80 km respectively) (2022). Ports and terminals: Georgetown. Airports: 2 main, 7 local (2022)