Iraq Map: Regions, Geography, Facts & Figures

Iraq is a country in Western Asia, bounded to the northwest by Syria, to the north by Turkey, to the east by Iran, to the southeast by Kuwait, to the south by Saudi Arabia, to the southwest by Jordan, and to the southeast by the Persian Gulf. Baghdad is its capital and it has a population of about 43 million people.

The Republic of Iraq has a long history and a rich culture. It has faced numerous challenges over the years, but its people have persevered. There is much to discover in this fascinating country, from the bustling streets of Baghdad to the ancient ruins in the desert.

If you want to discover more in-depth information on the region, check out our Iraq Country Profile!

Plus, test your country knowledge with our Middle East geography quiz, How Well Do You Know The World's Deserts?

History of Iraq

Iraq has a long and complex history, with ethnic groups such as Shia, Arabs, Assyrians, and Kurds. Before being conquered by Alexander the Great in the 4th century B.C., it was part of the Persian Empire. It was ruled by various empires over the centuries that followed, including the Parthians, Sassanids, and the Abbasid Caliphate.

In the 16th century, Iraq became part of the Ottoman Empire, which ruled the region until World War I. Following the war, Iraq was placed under a British mandate, which ended in 1932 when the country gained independence.

In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, Iraq was involved in several conflicts, including the Iran-Iraq War, the Gulf War, and the Iraq War.

Iraq and Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia is a historical region located in what is now modern-day Iraqi territory, between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, and the regions of Tikrit and Hīt. It is often referred to as one of the most crucial points of ancient life, due to the many ancient empires and civilizations that flourished there, such as the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians. Many historic sites and landmarks from these civilizations can still be found in Iraq today.

Geography of Iraq

Iraq is a country with a rich geography. It is located in the Fertile Crescent, a region that has been called the "cradle of civilization." The Tigris and Euphrates rivers run through Iraq, providing fertile land for agriculture. The country has several regions, including the Arabian Peninsula, the Syrian Desert, and the Kurdistan Region.

The political map of the country is divided into 18 governorates. Some of the major cities in Iraq include Baghdad, Mosul, Karbala, Erbil, Najaf, and Kirkuk, as well as Sulaymaniyah and Dahuk in the Kurdish region of northern Iraq.

Tourist Attractions in Iraq

Iraq has many tourist attractions, including historic sites, museums, and natural landmarks. Some of the most popular tourist destinations in Iraq include:

  • The ancient city of Babylon, based in Babil.
  • The ruins of the ancient city of Nineveh, centered in Diyala.
  • The Ziggurat of Ur, located in Dhi Qar.
  • The Basra Museum, found in Basra.
  • The Al-Shaheed Monument in Baghdad.
  • The Mesopotamian Marshes in southern Iraq.

People Also Ask...

If you're inspecting the map of Iraq, you may have some queries about the region. Here are some of the most frequently asked questions, along with their answers.

What Was the Former Name of Iraq?

Iraq was known by different names throughout history. However, the most well-known and commonly used name for the region is Mesopotamia. The name is still used today to describe the historical and cultural significance of the region.

What Was the Old Name of Iran and Iraq?

Iran was formerly known as Persia, which was used to describe the region's inhabitants during the time of the Achaemenid Empire. Mesopotamia, which means "land between the rivers," was the most well-known name for the region now known as Iraq and was used by the Greeks to describe the area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

What Country Does Iraq Belong To?

Iraq is an independent country and a member state of the United Nations.

Where Is the Location of Iraq in World Map?

Iraq is located in the Middle East, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest, and Syria to the west.