Japan Map: Regions, Geography, Facts & Figures

Japan, the Land of the Rising Sun, beckons travelers to its mystical islands situated in the vast North Pacific Ocean. This island nation in Asia, bordered by China, North Korea, South Korea, Russia, and the Philippines, boasts a rich culture and natural splendors. 

Japan is a country where ancient traditions and modern-day marvels coexist. Explore its four main islands, 47 prefectures, and cities like Tokyo, Kyoto, and Osaka. Let Japan's breathtaking landscapes, towering mountains, hot springs, and serene beaches leave you enchanted as you explore the map of Japan!

If you want to discover more in-depth information on Japan as a country, check out our Japan Profile!

Test your country knowledge with our Japan geography quiz, Japanese Landmarks!

History of Japan

Japan's history spans over 2,000 years. Some notable events in Japanese history include the rise of the samurai class, the Meiji Restoration, and Japan's involvement in World War II. Japan has also been shaped by its close relationship with China and Korea, as well as its isolationism during the Edo period. Today, Japan is known for its technological advancements, rich culture, and captivating natural beauty.

Japan Geography

Japan is known for its beautiful landscapes and natural wonders. Mount Fuji, located on Honshu island, is the tallest mountain in Japan and a popular tourist destination. The country is also home to many hot springs, forests, and beaches.

Japan is made up of four main islands - Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku. It also includes numerous smaller islands, including Okinawa and the Ryukyu Islands. The capital city, Tokyo, is located on Honshu island. Other major cities in Japan include Kyoto, Osaka, Nagoya, Yokohama, Kobe, and Hiroshima.

Prefectures of Japan

Japan is divided into 47 prefectures, each with its own unique culture and history. Some of the most popular prefectures for tourists include Nara, Fukushima, Wakayama, Oita, Miyazaki, and Nagasaki.

Japan Tourist Attractions

Some popular tourist attractions in Japan include Mount Fuji, Tokyo Disneyland, Kyoto's temples and shrines, Hiroshima's Peace Memorial Park, and the hot springs of Beppu. Japan's unique culture, stunning landscapes, and technology make it a fascinating destination for travelers from all over the world.

Mount Fuji, Japan
Source: Getty Images

People Also Search For…

Other online explorers of this country also commonly ask the following questions.

What Are the Major Cities in Japan?

Some of the major cities and metropolitan centers in Japan include Tokyo, Kyoto, Osaka, Nagoya, Yokohama, Kobe, and Hiroshima. Tokyo, the capital city, is the largest and most populous city in Japan, known for its bustling streets, vibrant nightlife, and world-class shopping and dining.

Kyoto is known for its beautiful temples and traditional architecture, while Osaka is a hub for entertainment and cuisine.

Nagoya, Yokohama, Kobe, and Hiroshima are also popular destinations for tourists, each with their own unique culture and attractions.

What Is the Official Name of Japan?

The official name of Japan is "Nippon-koku" or "Nihon-koku" in Japanese, which translates to "the State of Japan" or "the Country of Japan" in English. The name "Japan" is derived from the Chinese pronunciation of the characters 日本, which mean "sun origin" or "land of the rising sun," reflecting its position in the eastern Asia continent.

What Is the Political System of Japan?

Japan's political system is a constitutional monarchy, with the emperor serving as a symbolic figurehead. The country is divided into several administrative regions and is governed by a prime minister and a cabinet.