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News and Events of 1956

World Events

World Statistics

Population: 2.833 billion
population by decade

More World Statistics...
  • Nikita Khrushchev, First Secretary of USSR Communist Party, denounces Stalin's excesses (Feb. 24).

  • Morocco gains independence from France (March 1) and Spain (April 7).

  • Workers' uprising against Communist rule in Poland is crushed (June 28-30).

  • Egypt takes control of Suez Canal (July 26). Israel launches attack on Egypt's Sinai peninsula and drives toward Suez Canal (Oct. 29). British and French invade Egypt at Port Said (Nov. 5). Cease-fire forced by US pressure stops British, French, and Israeli advance (Nov. 6). Background: Arab-Israeli Wars

  • Soviet troops and tanks crush anti-Communist uprisings in Hungary (November).

U.S. Events

U.S. Statistics

President: Dwight D. Eisenhower
Vice President: Richard M. Nixon
Population: 168,903,031
Life expectancy: 69.7 years
Homicide Rate (per 100,000): 4.6

More U.S. Statistics...

Economics

US GDP (1998 dollars):   $438 billion
Federal spending:   $70.64 billion
Federal debt:   $272.7 billion
Consumer Price Index:   27.2
Unemployment:   4.4%
Cost of a first-class stamp:   $0.03


Sports

World Series
NY Yankees d. Brooklyn Dodgers (4-3)
NBA Championship
Philadelphia Warriors d. Ft. Wayne Pistons (4-1)
Stanley Cup
Montreal d. Detroit (4-1)
Wimbledon
Women: Shirley Fry d. A. Buxton (6-3 6-1)
Men: Lew Hoad d. K. Rosewall (6-2 4-6 7-5 6-4)
Kentucky Derby Champion
Needles
NCAA Basketball Championship
San Francisco d. Iowa (83-71)
NCAA Football Champions
Oklahoma (10-0-0)
1956 Summer Olympics
1956 Winter Olympics

Entertainment

Entertainment Awards

Pulitzer Prizes
Fiction: Andersonville, MacKinlay Kantor
Music: Symphony No. 3, Ernst Toch
Drama: The Diary of Anne Frank, Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett

Oscars awarded in 1956
Academy Award, Best Picture: Marty, Harold Hecht, producer (United Artists)

Nobel Prize for Literature: Juan Ramón Jiménez (Spain)

1956 Emmy Awards

1956 Tony Awards

Miss America: Sharon Ritchie (CO)

More Entertainment Awards...

Events

  • With many hit singles (including "Heartbreak Hotel"), Elvis Presley emerges as one of the world's first rock stars. The gyrating rocker enjoys fame on the stages of the Milton Berle, Steve Allen and Ed Sullivan shows, as well as in the first of his many movies, Love Me Tender.
  • Kay Thompson's Eloise, the Plaza Hotel's most famous guest, is a bestseller.
  • Grace Metalious's steamy Peyton Place is a bestseller.
  • The Wizard of Oz has its first airing on TV.

Movies

  • The Seventh Seal, Giant, The Searchers, Around the World in 80 Days, The King and I, Friendly Persuasion

Music

  • Woody Guthrie, "This Land is Your Land"

Books

Science

Nobel Prizes in Science

Chemistry: Sir Cyril Hinshelwood (UK) and Nikolai N. Semenov (USSR), for parallel research on chemical reaction kinetics

Physics: William Shockley, Walter H. Brattain, and John Bardeen (all US), for developing electronic transistor

Physiology or Medicine: Dickinson W. Richards, Jr., André F. Cournand (both US), and Werner Forssmann (Germany), for new techniques in treating heart disease

Deaths

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