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Rosa Parks

Age: 92

a black seamstress who in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1955 was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger. Martin Luther King heard about Parks's brave defiance and launched a boycott of Montgomery buses. The 17,000 black residents of Montgomery kept the boycott going for more than a year. The U.S. Supreme Court intervened and declared segregation on buses unconstitutional. She is often called “the mother of the civil rights movement.”

Died: Detroit, Oct. 24, 2005

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