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Human Carcinogens

"The Eleventh Report on Carcinogens"

The Eleventh Report on Carcinogens, published January 31, 2005, lists 246 substances known or suspected to cause cancer. The Eleventh Report added (or upgraded) 17 substances, including lead and lead compounds, compounds found in grilled meats, X-radiation, gamma radiation, and viruses such as some human papilloma viruses, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C.

Below is the report's list of "known carcinogens." The complete report, including the lengthy list of substances "reasonably anticipated to be human carcinogens," can be found on the Web site, http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/roc/toc11.html, or can be ordered by calling 1-800-315-3010.

Substances Known to Be Human Carcinogens

  • Aflatoxins
  • Alcoholic Beverage Consumption
  • 4-Aminobiphenyl (4-Aminodiphenyl)
  • Analgesic Mixtures Containing Phenacetin
  • Arsenic and certain Arsenic Compounds
  • Asbestos
  • Azathioprine
  • Benzene
  • Benzidine
  • Beryllium and Beryllium Compounds
  • 1,3-Butadiene
  • 1,4-Butanediol Dimethanesulfonate
  • Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds
  • Chlorambucil
  • 1-(2-Chloroethyl)-3-(4-methylcyclohexyl)-1-nitrosourea (MeCCNU)
  • bis(Chloromethyl) Ether and Technical-Grade Chloromethyl Methyl Ether
  • Chromium Hexavalent Compounds
  • Coal Tar Pitches
  • Coal Tars
  • Coke Oven Emissions
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Cyclosporin A
  • Diethylstilbestrol
  • Dyes that Metabolize to Benzidine
  • Environmental Tobacco Smoke
  • Erionite
  • Estrogens, Steroidal
  • Ethylene Oxide
  • Hepatitis B Virus
  • Hepatitis C Virus
  • Human Papillomas Viruses: Some Gential-Mucosal Types
  • Melphalan
  • Methoxsalen with Ultraviolet A Therapy (PUVA)
  • Mineral Oils (Untreated and Mildly Treated)
  • Mustard Gas
  • 2-Naphthylamine
  • Neutrons
  • Nickel Compounds
  • Radon
  • Silica, Crystalline (Respirable Size)
  • Smokeless Tobacco
  • Solar Radiation and Exposure to Sun Lamps or Sunbeds
  • Soots
  • Strong Inorganic Acid Mists Containing Sulfuric Acid
  • Tamoxifen
  • 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin (TCDD)
  • Thiotepa
  • Thorium Dioxide
  • Tobacco Smoking
  • Vinyl Chloride
  • Ultraviolet Radiation, Broad Spectrum UV Radiation
  • Wood Dust
  • X-Radiation and Gamma Radiation
Source: Eleventh Report on Carcinogens, The National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences.

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