Newly Independent Islands Elect a Federal President
A power-sharing agreement signed in Dec. 2003
gave the individual islands semiautonomous status and led to elections for
a national assembly in 2004. In 2006, Ahmed Abdallah Sambi, an Islamic
religious leader, was elected federal president.
The African Union sent troops to Anjouan in May
2007 ahead of June's elections, which were held despite an order against
them by the central government. Mohamed Bacar won the election and
declared himself president, a move called illegal by the central
government. The AU called for new elections in October and froze the
assets of Bacar and other government officials. In March 2008, troops from
the African Union and the Comoran army invaded Anjouan and deposed
The country's second round of presidential elections in December 2010 saw Ikililou Dhoinine win with 61.1% of the vote, with turnout at 52.8%. He took office in May 2011.
U.S. State Dept. Country Notes:
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