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Australian External Territories

Norfolk Island (13.36 sq mi; 34.6 sq km) was placed under Australian administration in 1914. The population is 1,826 (July 2006 est.). Formerly a notorious penal colony, Norfolk Island became home to the entire population of Pitcairn Island in 1856. The 194 residents of tiny Pitcairn—all of whom were the descendants of the mutineers from the HMS Bounty and their Tahitian wives—embarked on the 3,700-mile journey to Norfolk because of overpopulation. Many Norfolk residents can trace their genealogy directly to the adventurers from Bounty.

Norfolk Island flag

Map of Norfolk Island
Source: The World Factbook 2003

Ashmore and Cartier Islands (1.93 sq mi), situated in the Indian Ocean off the northwest coast of Australia, came under Australian administration in 1934.

Map of Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Source: The World Factbook 2005

Heard Island and the McDonald Islands (159 sq mi; 412 sq km), lying in the sub-Antarctic, were placed under Australian administration in 1947. The islands are uninhabited.

See also A History of Heard Island.

Map of Heard Island and McDonald Islands
Source: The World Factbook 2005

Christmas Island (52 sq mi; 135 sq km) is situated in the Indian Ocean. It came under Australian administration in 1958. Two-thirds of the island is now a national park. The population is 1,493 (2006 est.).

Christmas Island flag

map of Christmas Island
Source: The World Factbook 2003

Coral Sea Islands (400,000 sq mi; 1,036,000 sq km, but only a few sq mi of land) became a territory of Australia in 1969. There is no permanent population on the islands.

Map of Coral Sea Islands
Source: The World Factbook 2005

Cocos (Keeling) Islands are made up of a group of 27 small coral islands in two separate atolls in the Indian Ocean, 1,721 mi (2,768 km) northwest of Perth. West Island is the largest, about 6.2 mi (10 km) long. The islands became an Australian territory in 1955. In April 1984 the residents voted to merge with Australia. The population of the Cocos is 574 (July 2006 est.).

Map of Cocos
Source: The World Factbook 2003

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More on Australian External Territories from Infoplease:

  • Australia - Map of Australia & articles on flags, geography, history, statistics, disasters current events, and international relations.
  • Australia - Learn about the history, geography and culture of Australia and find statistical and demographic information.|Information on Australia — geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities, as well as a map and the national flag.

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