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The Names of the Days of the Week

See also Greek and Roman Mythology and Norse Mythology

Latin Old English English German French Italian Spanish
Dies Solis SunnandaegSunday Sonntag dimanche domenica domingo
Dies Lunae MonandaegMonday Montag lundi lunedì lunes
Dies Martis TiwesdaegTuesday Dienstag mardi martedì martes
Dies Mercurii WodnesdaegWednesday Mittwoch mercredi mercoledì miércoles
Dies Jovis ThunresdaegThursday Donnerstag jeudi giovedì jueves
Dies Veneris FrigedaegFriday Freitag vendredi venerdì viernes
Dies Saturni SaeternesdaegSaturday Samstag samedi sabato sábado
NOTE: The seven-day week originated in ancient Mesopotamia and became part of the Roman calendar in A.D. 321. The names of the days are based on the seven celestial bodies (the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn), believed at that time to revolve around Earth and influence its events. Most of Western Europe adopted the Roman nomenclature. The Germanic languages substituted Germanic equivalents for the names of four of the Roman gods: Tiw, the god of war, replaced Mars; Woden, the god of wisdom, replaced Mercury; Thor, the god of thunder, replaced Jupiter; and Frigg, the goddess of love, replaced Venus.

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