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Qostanay,  Kostanai, or Kustanay (all: kŏsˌtənĪˈ) [key], city (1993 est. pop. 228,000), N Kazakhstan, on the Tobol River. It is an agricultural center and producer of chemical fibers. Rich iron deposits are nearby at Rudnyi. The city expanded dramatically in the 1960s as a result of the Virgin Lands campaign.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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