|  Share | Cite


Pskov (pəskôfˈ) [key], city (1989 pop. 204,000), capital of Pskov region, NW European Russia, on the Velikaya River. It is an important rail junction in the heart of a flax-growing area. Industries include food processing and the manufacture of metals, machinery, building materials, and linen. Known in antiquity as Pleskov, it became (903) an outpost of Novgorod. Its large-scale stone construction, almost equal in extent to that of Novgorod, shows that it was already a rich town in the 12th cent. Pskov became (1347) an independent, democratic city-state and a flourishing commercial center that traded with the Hanseatic League. It was capital of Pskov Republic from 1348 to 1510 and had a form of government similar to that of Novgorod. With its annexation (1510) by Moscow, Pskov lost its democratic institutions. Its importance, except as a strategic fortress, soon declined. The railroad station at Pskov was the scene (1917) of the abdication of Nicholas II. The historic core of Pskov is the inner walled city, containing a kremlin (12th–16th cent.), with towers in the Byzantine style, a cathedral, and numerous medieval churches and monasteries. The country around Pskov is rich in architectural monuments from the 14th to the 18th cent.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Pskov from Infoplease:

  • Pskov: meaning and definitions - Pskov: Definition and Pronunciation
  • Velikiye Luki: meaning and definitions - Velikiye Luki: Definition and Pronunciation
  • Lake Peipus - Peipus, Lake Peipus, Lake , Estonian Peipsi Järv, Rus. Chudskoye Ozero, c.1,390 sq mi (3,600 ...
  • Vasily III - Vasily III Vasily III (Vasily Ivanovich), 1479–1533, grand duke of Moscow (1505–33). ...
  • kremlin - kremlin kremlin , Rus. kreml, citadel or walled center of several Russian cities; the most famous ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: CIS and Baltic Political Geography