| Share
 

Mariupol

Mariupol (märˌēōˈpəl) [key], formerly Zhdanov zhdänˈəf, city (1989 pop. 520,000), SE Ukraine, on the Sea of Azov and at the mouth of the Kalmius River. A seaport and railroad terminus, Mariupol is also an iron and steel center with machine plants, chemical works, and shipyards. Coal, salt, and grain are the chief exports. Founded in 1779 by Crimean Greeks, Mariupol is on the site of an ancient Slavic settlement. It was called Zhdanov from 1948 to 1992.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: CIS and Baltic Political Geography

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring