| Share

Itaipú Dam

Itaipú Dam (ētĪˈpō) [key], hydroelectric dam on the Paraná River, on the Brazil-Paraguay border. Jointly constructed (1975–91) by Brazil and Paraguay, it is the second-largest hydroelectric dam in the world, exceeded only by the Three Gorges Dam. The dam is 4.8 mi (7.76 km) long and rises to a height of 643 ft (196 m). The power plant has a 20 generating units with a total production capacity of 14,000 MW. By the year 2000, the facility was generating some 94% of Paraguay's energy supply and about 20% of Brazil's. The Itaipú Reservoir, created by the dam, stretches nearly 100 mi (161 km) upstream; Guairá Falls is submerged by its waters.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Latin American and Caribbean Physical Geography

Premium Partner Content
HighBeam Research
Documents Images and Maps Reference
(from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Newswires, Transcripts and Books)

Research our extensive archive of more than 80 million articles from 6,500 publications.

Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC. © Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring