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Chufut-Kale (chōfōtˈ-kəlyĕˈ) [key] [Turk., = Jews' city], ruined fortress and town, W Ukraine, in the Crimea. While under Turkish rule (1475–1783), it was the center of the Jewish sect of Karaites. Jewish inscriptions date back to 1203, and the region was probably the last refuge of the Crimean Khazars.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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