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Aligarh (əlēgŭrˈ) [key], city (1991 pop. 480,520), Uttar Pradesh state, N central India. A district administrative headquarters and an important agricultural trade center, it also has a number of processing plants for agricultural goods. It is famous chiefly for Aligarh Muslim university, opened in 1875 as Anglo-Oriental College, which is the leading school for Indian Muslims. The city, whose native name is Koil, has ancient Buddhist remains and many Muslim buildings.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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