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Abdera (ăbdēˈrə) [key] or Avdira ävdēˈrä, town, NE Greece, in Thrace, near the mouth of the Mesta River. It is a small agricultural settlement. Founded (c.650 B.C.) by colonists from Clazomenae, it was destroyed by the Thracians (c.550 B.C.) and rebuilt (c.500 B.C.) by refugees from Teos. The town passed to Macedon in 352 B.C. and in 198 B.C. became a free city under Roman rule. The term Abderite was used by the ancient Greeks as a synonym for stupid. However, the philosophers Protagoras, Leucippus, and Democritus lived there.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Abdera from Infoplease:

  • Abdera - Abdera Abde′ra A maritime town of Thrace, said in fable to have been founded by Abdera, ...
  • Protagoras of Abdera - Protagoras of Abdera was the first who took the name of “Sophist.” (B.C. 480-411.) ...
  • Avdira - Avdira Avdira, Greece: see Abdera.
  • Protagoras - Protagoras Protagoras , c.490–c.421 B.C., Greek philosopher of Abdera, one of the more ...
  • Democritus - Democritus Democritus , c.460–c.370 B.C., Greek philosopher of Abdera; pupil of Leucippus. ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Greek Political Geography

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