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agrarian reform

Introduction

agrarian reform, redistribution of the agricultural resources of a country. Traditionally, agrarian, or land, reform is confined to the redistribution of land; in a broader sense it includes related changes in agricultural institutions, including credit, taxation, rents, and cooperatives. Although agrarian reform can result in lower agricultural productivity, especially if it includes collectivization, it may increase productivity when land is redistributed to the tiller. Pressure for modern land reform is most powerful in the underdeveloped nations. See also collective farm.

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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on agrarian reform Introduction from Infoplease:

  • Giovanni Giolitti - Giolitti, Giovanni Giolitti, Giovanni , 1842–1928, Italian public official, five times ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Agriculture: General

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