| Share

Abdus Salam

Salam, Abdus, 1926–96, Pakistani physicist. After attending Government College at Lahore, he received a Ph.D. from Cambridge (1952). He taught in Lahore for three years before returning to England, first teaching mathematics at Cambridge (1954–57), then moving to Imperial College in London, where he became a professor of theoretical physics. In the early 1960s he developed a theory to explain some behavior of the weak interactions of elementary particles. For this work, in 1979 he shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with Steven Weinberg and Sheldon Glashow. To support Third World scientists and scientific research, Salam founded what is now the Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics in 1964 and the Third World Academy of Sciences in 1983 (both in Trieste, Italy). He headed the International Center until his death.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Abdus Salam from Infoplease:

  • Steven Weinberg - Weinberg, Steven Weinberg, Steven, 1933–, American nuclear physicist, b. New York City, Ph.D. ...
  • Sheldon Lee Glashow - Glashow, Sheldon Lee Glashow, Sheldon Lee , 1932–, American physicist, b. New York City, ...
  • electroweak theory - electroweak theory electroweak theory, a unified field theory that describes two of the fundamental ...
  • elementary particles: Carriers of the Basic Forces - Carriers of the Basic Forces The elementary particles of matter interact with one another through ...
  • quantum chromodynamics - quantum chromodynamics quantum chromodynamics (QCD), quantum field theory that describes the ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Physics: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring