|  Share | Cite

William Prout

Prout, William, 1785–1850, English chemist and physician. Prout's hypothesis, advanced in 1815–16, suggested that atomic weights of elements are multiples of that of hydrogen and that elements are formed by a condensation or grouping of hydrogen atoms. Later work on the determination of atomic weights showed that part of the hypothesis does, in general, apply. Prout won contemporary renown for his demonstration (1823) of the presence of free hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice of the stomach. He wrote many papers on the chemistry of the blood and urine.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on William Prout from Infoplease:

  • Bridgewater Treatises - Bridgewater Treatises Instituted by the Rev. Francis Henry Egerton, Earl of Bridgewater, in 1825. ...
  • chemistry: History of Chemistry - History of Chemistry The earliest practical knowledge of chemistry was concerned with metallurgy, ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Chemistry: Biographies