| Share
 

John Pitcairn

Pitcairn, John (pĭtˈkârn) [key], 1722–75, British royal marine officer in the American Revolution. Major Pitcairn commanded the advance guard of the British troops at Lexington (see Lexington and Concord, battles of) on Apr. 19, 1775, but whether he ordered his men to fire on the colonial militia or was forced to return their fire is still in dispute. He was later killed in the battle of Bunker Hill. Pitcairn Island is named for his son Robert Pitcairn (c.1747–c.1770), who as a midshipman under Philip Carteret first sighted it on July 2, 1767.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on John Pitcairn from Infoplease:

See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. History: Biographies


Premium Partner Content
HighBeam Research
Documents Images and Maps Reference
(from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Newswires, Transcripts and Books)

Research our extensive archive of more than 80 million articles from 6,500 publications.

Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC. © Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring