| Share
 

Albert John Luthuli

Luthuli, Albert John (ləthōˈlē) [key], 1898?–1967, African political leader in the Republic of South Africa. Descended from a line of Christian Zulu chiefs, he was educated at Adams College, a mission school near Durban, and taught there for 15 years. He was appointed chief (1935) and, remaining active in church affairs, preached non-violence in the Africans' campaign against racial discrimination. Although devoutly religious, he grew disillusioned with the church's racial position and became active politically. In 1946 he joined the African National Congress (ANC). When he refused to resign (1952) from the presidency of the ANC, the South African government deposed him as chief and applied severe restrictions on his activities. Nevertheless, he led a campaign of passive resistance against the apartheid laws. In 1956, with some 150 other critics of the government, he was arrested on charges of treason; after a prolonged mass trial he was acquitted. In 1959 the government banished him to his village and outlawed (1960) the ANC, which continued to operate underground. A government law in 1962 banned publication of his statements in the media. A firm believer in the political and spiritual force of passive resistance, he was awarded the 1960 Nobel Peace Prize. Despite some criticism of his passive philosophy, he was highly regarded by most black South Africans. He is the author of an autobiography, Let My People Go (1962).

See biography by M. Benson (1963); study by E. Callan (rev. ed. 1965).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Albert John Luthuli from Infoplease:

  • Luthuli: meaning and definitions - Luthuli: Definition and Pronunciation
  • Nobel Prize for Peace - Below find every winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, from 1901 through 2009. Winners include Barack Obama, the Dalai Lama, Henry Kissinger, Theodore Roosevelt, and Desmond Tutu.
  • Top News Stories from 1960 - News stories covering international, U.S., science, financial, entertainment & sports events from 1960. Includes basic U.S., world & economic statistics and links to detailed statistical data

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Southern African History: Biographies


Premium Partner Content
HighBeam Research
Documents Images and Maps Reference
(from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Newswires, Transcripts and Books)

Research our extensive archive of more than 80 million articles from 6,500 publications.

Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC. © Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring