| Share
 

John the Fearless

John the Fearless, 1371–1419, duke of Burgundy (1404–19); son of Philip the Bold. He fought against the Turks at Nikopol in 1396 and was a prisoner for a year until he was ransomed. He continued his father's feud with Louis, duc d'Orléans, brother of King Charles VI, and became popular by advocating governmental reforms. In 1407 he had Louis assassinated; he was forced to leave Paris but later returned and obtained control of the French government. Rivalry between his party and the supporters of Orléans led to open civil war in 1411 (see Armagnacs and Burgundians). In 1413, John was again forced to flee Paris as a result of a reaction against the violence of his supporters, the Cabochiens. He did not aid the government, now under Armagnac control, against the English invaders under King Henry V, and in 1418 he took advantage of French defeats to seize Paris and the king. John negotiated both with Henry V and with the dauphin (later King Charles VII), who now led the Armagnacs. At a meeting in Montereau with the dauphin, John was assassinated (1419). He was succeeded by his son, Philip the Good.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on John the Fearless from Infoplease:

  • Georges de La Trémoille - La Trémoille or La Trimouille, Georges de La Trémoille or La Trimouille, Georges de , ...
  • Orléans, Louis, duc d' - Orléans, Louis, duc d' Orléans, Louis, duc d' , 1372–1407, brother of ...
  • Bernard VII - Bernard VII Bernard VII , d. 1418, count of Armagnac, constable of France. As father-in-law of ...
  • Cabochiens - Cabochiens Cabochiens , popular faction in Paris in the early 15th cent. Composed largely of small ...
  • Armagnacs and Burgundians - Armagnacs and Burgundians Armagnacs and Burgundians, opposing factions that fought to control ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: French History: Biographies


Premium Partner Content
HighBeam Research
Documents Images and Maps Reference
(from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Newswires, Transcripts and Books)

Research our extensive archive of more than 80 million articles from 6,500 publications.

Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC. © Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring