Grooms, Red, 1937–, American artist, b. Nashville, Tenn. Grooms was one of the earliest practitioners of the happening. He also worked in other theatrical forms but is best known for his pop art constructions, made of brightly painted wood, metal, fabric, and other media in a wide variety of sizes and scales. Best known are those that highlight the raucous hurly-burly of New York City, e.g., his famous environment Ruckus Manhattan (1975). Grooms's style is cheerfully satirical and cartoonlike, as in his film Fat Feet (1965), and his exuberant works swarm with boisterous life. He has also made various excursions into the realm of art history, e.g., Studio at Rue des Grands-Augustins (1990–96), a large painting that depicts Picasso working on his masterpiece Guernica in a world-invaded studio.
See study by A. C. Danto, T. Hyman, and M. Livingstone (2004).
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