| Share
 

Eric XIV

Eric XIV, 1533–77, king of Sweden (1560–68), son and successor of Gustavus I. To strengthen the power of the crown, he limited (1561) the privileges of the royal dukes. He forbade the marriage of his half-brother John, duke of Finland, to the sister of the king of Poland. When John disobeyed he was accused of treason, lost his estates, and was imprisoned (1563) with his wife. Eric feared conspiracies among the nobles, many of whom were not reconciled to a strong hereditary monarchy. He had many nobles assassinated, including Nils Sture, of the powerful Sture family. Having unsuccessfully sought the hand of Elizabeth I of England, Eric married his peasant mistress in 1568 and had her crowned queen. Reverses in Sweden's war (1563–70) with Denmark, the unpopularity of his adviser, Goran Persson, and Eric's evident insanity enabled John, who had been released, to lead an insurrection against him. Eric was deposed (1568) and died in prison. He was succeeded by John, who ruled from 1568 to 1592 as John III, and then by John's son Sigismund III of Poland. Eric, a patron of arts and letters, was himself a writer.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Eric XIV from Infoplease:

  • Vasa - Vasa Vasa , Pol. Waza, royal dynasty of Sweden (1523–1654) and Poland (1587–1668). ...
  • Gustavus I - Gustavus I Gustavus I , 1496–1560, king of Sweden (1523–60), founder of the modern ...
  • Conjuring Cap - Conjuring Cap I must put on my conjuring cap- i.e. your question requires deliberate thought, and I ...
  • Encyclopedia: Scandinavian History: Biographies - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Scandinavian History: Biographies.
  • Sweden: History - History Origins of Sweden In early historic times, Svealand was inhabited by the Svear (mentioned ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Scandinavian History: Biographies


Premium Partner Content
HighBeam Research
Documents Images and Maps Reference
(from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Newswires, Transcripts and Books)

Research our extensive archive of more than 80 million articles from 6,500 publications.

Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC. © Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring