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Luis Jerónimo Fernández de Cabrera Bobadilla Cerda y Mendoza Chinchón, conde de

Chinchón, Luis Jerónimo Fernández de Cabrera Bobadilla Cerda y Mendoza, conde de (lōēsˈ hārōˈnēmō fārnänˈdās dā käbrāˈrä bōbäħēˈyä sārˈdä ē mĕndōˈsä kōnˈdā dā chēnchōnˈ) [key], d. 1647, viceroy of Peru (1629–39). He sent Cristóbal de Acuña on the Teixeira expedition down the Amazon. In 1638, Chinchón's wife, suffering from persistent fever, was treated with a native remedy made from quinaquina bark. As a result, the malaria-curing qualities of quinine became known in Europe. Linnaeus called the genus of quinine-producing trees Cinchona in her honor.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Peru History: Biographies

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