| Share
 

David Rice Atchison

Atchison, David Rice (ăchˈĭsən) [key], 1807–86, U.S. Senator, b. Frogtown, Ky. A lawyer and politician in Missouri, he served in the Senate from 1843 to 1855. As a proslavery Democrat, Atchison was instrumental in having the Kansas-Nebraska Act passed. He is sometimes regarded as having been "president for a day" because he was president pro tempore of the Senate (and next in the line of succession after the departing president and vice president) when, for religious reasons, President-elect Zachary Taylor refused to be sworn in on the Sunday (Mar. 4, 1849) when his inauguration was first scheduled to occur. Atchison, however, neither took the oath of office constitutionally required of the president nor was recognized at the time as temporarily serving as president. After his defeat for reelection in 1855, he was a leader of the border ruffians in the raids into Kansas (1855–56). He supported the Confederacy in the Civil War. Atchison, Kans., is named for him.

See biography by W.E. Parrish (1961).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on David Rice Atchison from Infoplease:

  • David Rice Atchison - Biography of David Rice Atchison, The senator who was "president for a day"
  • David Rice ATCHISON - David Rice ATCHISON (1807-1886) Senate Years of Service: 1843-1855 Party: Democrat ATCHISON, David ...
  • Atchison - Atchison Atchison, city (1990 pop. 10,656), seat of Atchison co., NE Kans., on the Missouri River; ...
  • Selected Biographies: A - Selected biographies of well-known people and fictional characters

See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. History: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring