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Apelles

Apelles (əpĕlˈēz) [key], fl. 330 B.C., Greek painter, the most celebrated in antiquity but now known only through descriptions of his works. He is thought to have studied under Ephorus of Ephesus and under Pamphilus of Amphipolis at Sicyon. He was court painter to Philip II of Macedon and to Alexander the Great. His portraits of Alexander included one in the Temple of Diana at Ephesus that showed Alexander wielding the thunderbolts of Zeus. Apelles excelled in painting horses, and according to Pliny the portrait of Antigonus Cyclops on horseback was his masterpiece. Most famous, perhaps, was the painting of Aphrodite rising from the sea. A painting made by Botticelli from Alberti's description of Apelles' Calumny is in the Uffizi. Apelles is said to have been the first to recognize the talents of Protogenes. He also influenced Mantegna and Titian.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Apelles from Infoplease:

  • Apelles: meaning and definitions - Apelles: Definition and Pronunciation
  • Suggestions for spelling of encyclopedia/apelles - The Infoplease spelling checker combines spelling help with our dictionary and thesaurus
  • Apelles - Apelles A famous Grecian painter, contemporary with Alexander the Great. There comelier forms ...
  • Protogenes - Protogenes Protogenes , fl. c.300 B.C., one of the most celebrated Greek painters of Rhodes and ...
  • Sicyon - Sicyon Sicyon , ancient city of Greece, in the Peloponnesus, NW of Corinth and 2 mi (3.2 km) S of ...

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