| Share

Salomon August Andrée

Andrée, Salomon August (säˈlōmôn ouˈgəst ändrāˈ) [key], 1854–97, Swedish polar explorer, grad. Royal Inst. of Technology, Stockholm. An aeronautical engineer and head of the Swedish patent office's technical department, he was the first to attempt arctic exploration by air. His first attempt by balloon in 1896, was unsuccessful, owing largely to bad weather. In 1897, however, he set out again in a similar hydrogen balloon made of varnished silk, fitted with special equipment he designed, and called the Eagle. Beset by mishaps from the start, Andrée and his party reached as far as 82°56−N, where insufficient food and clothing halted their progress. All three members of the party died of exposure. Search expeditions failed, and it was not until 1930 that a Norwegian scientific expedition accidentally found the remains and diaries of Andrée and his two companions. These diaries are included in Andrée's Story (tr. 1930).

See study by A. Wilkinson (2012).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Explorers, Travelers, and Conquerors: Biographies

Premium Partner Content
HighBeam Research
Documents Images and Maps Reference
(from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Newswires, Transcripts and Books)

Research our extensive archive of more than 80 million articles from 6,500 publications.

Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC. © Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring