| Share

Abbas II

Abbas II (Abbas Hilmi)äbäsˈ hĭlˈmĭ, ăbäsˈ, ăbˈəs, 1874–1944, last khedive of Egypt (1892–1914); son and successor of Tewfik Pasha. Nominally he ruled in subordination to the Ottoman Empire, but in fact Egypt was controlled by the British resident—at first Lord Cromer, and later Lord Kitchener. Although he resisted complete British rule, Abbas met with little success; in 1899 he was forced to admit the British claim to rule jointly with Egypt over Sudan. When Turkey joined the Central Powers in World War I, Britain declared Egypt a British protectorate and deposed Abbas. He lived thereafter in Switzerland, where he died. He wrote The Anglo-Egyptian Settlement (1930).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Abbas II from Infoplease:

  • Modern Egypt: Rulers - Modern Egypt: Rulers Baybars I, Mamluk sultan (1260–77) of Egypt and Syria Muhammad Ali, ...
  • Tewfik Pasha - Tewfik Pasha Tewfik Pasha (Muhammad Tewfik), 1852–92, khedive of Egypt (1879–92). He ...
  • Encyclopedia: Egyptian History: Biographies - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Egyptian History: Biographies.
  • Safavid - Safavid Safavid , Iranian dynasty (1499–1736), that established Shiite Islam in Iran as an ...
  • Egypt: History - History The Ancient Empire of the Nile The valley of the “long river between the ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Egyptian History: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring