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Thirty Tyrants

The thirty magistrates appointed by Sparta over Athens, at the termination of the Peloponnesian war. This “reign of terror,” after one year's continuance, was overthrown by Thrasybulos (B.C. 403).

The Thirty Tyrants
of the Roman empire. So those military usurpers are called who endeavoured, in the reigns of Valerian and Gallienus (253-268), to make themselves independent princes. The number thirty must be taken with great latitude, as only nineteen are given, and their resemblance to the thirty tyrants of Athens is extremely fanciful. They were -

In the East.
Illyricum.

(1) Cyriades. (11) Ingenuus.

(2) Macrianus. (12) Regillianus.

(3) Balista. (13) Aureolus.

(4) Odenathus. Promiscuous.

(5) Zenobia.

(14) Saturninus in Pontus.

In the West.
(6) Posthumus.

(15) Trebellianus in Isauria.

(7) Lollianus. (16) Piso in Thessaly.

(8) Victorinus and his mother Victoria. (17) Valens in Achaia.

(9) Marius.

(18) AEmilianus in Egypt.

(10) Tetricus. (19) Celsus in Africa.

Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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