(1) Different parts of a hawk:
The legs from the thigh to the foot. Beak. The upper and
crooked part of the bill. Beams. The long feathers of the wings. Clap. The nether part of the bill.
Feathers full grown and complete. Feathers unsummed.
Feathers not yet full grown. Flags. The next to the longest
feathers or principals. Glut. The slimy substance in the pannel.
The crow or crop. Haglurs. The spots on the feathers.
Mails. The breast feathers.
The two little holes on the top of the beak. Pannel. The
pipe next to the fundament. Pendent feathers. Those behind the
The claws. Principal feathers. The two longest.
or sere. The yellow part under the eyes. Train. The
(2) Different sorts of hawk:
A Tercell of a Gerfalcon is for a king Falcon gentle and a Tercel gentle. For a prince. Falcon of the rock. For a duke.
For an earl. Bastard hawk. For a baron. Sacre and a Sacrit. For a knight. Lanare and Lanrell. For a
squire. Merlyn. For a lady.
For a young man. Goshawk. For a yeoman. Tercel. For a
poor man. Sparehawk. For a priest. Murkyte. For a
holy-water clerk. Kesterel. For a knave or servant. Dame
The “Sore-hawk” is a hawk of the first year, so called from the
French, sor or saure, brownish-yellow. The “Spar” or
“Sparrow” hawk is a small, ignoble hawk (Saxon, speara;
Goth, sparwa; cur spare, spur, spur, spear, spire, sparing,
sparse, etc; Latin, sparsus; all referring to mindteness).
(3) The dress of a hawk:
The leathers with bells, buttoned to a hawk's legs. The bell itself
is called a hawk-bell. Creanse. A packthread or thin twine
fastened to the leash in disciplining a hawk.
A cover for the head, to keep the hawk in the dark. A rufter
hood is a wide one, open behind. To hood is to put on the
hood. To unhood is to take it off. To unstrike the hood
is to draw the strings so that the hood may be in readiness to be
The little straps by which the leash is fastened to the legs. There
is the singular jess. Leash. The leather thong for holding the
(4) Terms used in falconry:
Something given to a hawk to cleanse her gorge. Cawking.
When young hawks, in obedience to their elders, quiver and shake
their wings. Crabbing. Fighting with each other when they stand
The place where a hawk's meat is laid. Imping. Placing a
feather in a hawk's wing. Inke or Ink. The breast and
neck of a bird that a hawk preys on. Intermewing. The time of
changing the coat.
A figure of a fowl made of leather and feathers. Make. An
old staunch hawk that sets an example to young ones. Mantling.
Stretching first one wing and then the other over the legs. Mew.
The place where hawks sit when moulting.
The dung of hawks.
or pill. What a hawk leaves of her prey. Pelt. The
dead body of a fowl killed by a hawk. Perch. The resting-place
of a hawk when off the falconer's wrist. Plumage. Small feathers
given to a hawk to make her cast.
The fowl or game that a hawk flies at. Rangle. Gravel given
to a hawk to bring down her stomach. Sharp set. Hungry.
Giving a hawk a leg or wing of a fowl to pull at.
The peregrine when full grown is called a blue-hawk.
The hawk was the avatar of Ra or Horus, the sun-god of the
Birds (protected by superstitions.)
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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