So the Romans called the “Salt Sea.” Josephus says that the
vale of Siddim was changed into the Dead Sea at the destruction of
Sodom (Antiq. i. 8, 3, etc.). The water is of a dull green
colour. Few fish are found therein, but it is not true that birds which
venture near its vapours fall down dead. The shores are almost barren,
but hyenas and other wild beasts lurk there. Called the “Salt Sea”
because of its saltness. The percentage of salt in the ocean generally
is about three or four, but of the Salt Sea it is twenty-six or more.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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