(A), in fortification, a small strong fort, constructed
either within the place fortified, or on the most inaccessible spot of
its general outline; to give refuge for the garrison, that it may
prolong the defence after the place has fallen, or to hold out for the
best terms of capitulation. Citadels generally command the interior of
the place, and are useful, therefore, for overawing a population which
might otherwise strive to shorten a siege. (French, citadelle;
Italian, citadella, a little city.)
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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