Hermits were of the Augustine order; they renounced all property, and lived
on the voluntary alms of “the faithful.”
were restricted to four orders: Franciscans (Grey Friars).
Augustines (Black Friars), Carmelites (White Friars), and
Dominicans (Preaching Friars).
Begging the Question
Assuming a proposition which, in reality, involves the
conclusion. Thus, to say that parallel lines will never meet because
they are parallel, is simply to assume as a fact the very thing you
profess to prove. The phrase is a translation of the Latin term,
petitio principii, and was first used by Aristotle.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894
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