A churlish philosopher, in Shakespeare's Timon of Athens.
“The cynicism of Apemantus contrasted with the misanthropy of Timon.”
A-per-se An A 1; a person or thing of unusual merit. “A” all alone with no one who can follow, nemo proximus aut secundus.
Chaucer calls Cresseide “the floure and A-per-se of Troi and Greek.”
“London, thou art of townes A-per-se.” —Lansdowne MSS.
Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894